Yes, this essentially entails keeping a pile of organic waste in your yard, but there are a few more nuances to it than that. Here are our steps to composting:
- Choose a compost bin. This can be anything from a garbage bin to a large wooden box, but we recommend something that can offer good airflow, as introducing oxygen to the pile is important. If possible, a raised container is best; this will make harvesting the final product easier.
- Choose a location. Keep in mind that mild temperatures are best for a compost pile. Keeping it warm is ideal, but if it reaches temperatures that are too high, the microorganisms within it will die. You might consider putting it underneath a deciduous tree; in the summer, the leaves will keep the compost pile cool enough, and in the winter the leaves will be shed, allowing more sunlight on the pile.
- Add the ingredients. To create the perfectly-balanced compost pile, it’s important to maintain appropriate levels of both carbon and nitrogen. Your carbon will come from brown ingredients, typically long-dead and gone. Some examples of carbon-heavy additives are dried leaves, bark, and dead plants. The nitrogen levels will be boosted by greener ingredients, such as flowers, egg shells, and unripe banana peels.
Things that are generally good to compost: coffee grounds, plants, fruit peels and remnants, vegetables, grass clippings, straw, newspaper, sawdust, tea bags.
Things to avoid in your compost pile: charcoal or charcoal ash, dairy, fats and grease, animal bones or meat, pet droppings, yard clippings treated with pesticides.
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